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Knowledge & Insights

Business Tax Optimization 2023: Essential End-of-Year Guide


As 2023 draws to a close, it’s time for businesses to start focusing on their tax strategies. Understanding your current financial situation is crucial for business tax optimization. By taking informed steps, you can minimize tax liabilities and maximize savings in the face of ever-changing tax laws. This comprehensive guide is designed to help you navigate the complexities of optimizing your business taxes as the year ends, ensuring you are well-prepared for the upcoming tax season.

Beyond Tax Preparation: Optimizing Your 2023 Business Taxes

Tax planning is a crucial part of financial management for any business. It involves understanding the tax implications of your business decisions and finding ways to minimize your tax liability. Proper planning can help you save money and avoid potential tax pitfalls.

  1. Savings: Effective tax planning can help you reduce the tax you owe, thus saving money for your business.
  2. Compliance: By staying informed about the latest tax laws and regulations, you can ensure your business remains compliant and avoids penalties.
  3. Strategy: Tax planning is an integral part of financial strategy. It can influence business decisions and contribute to your overall business goals.

Evaluating Your Business Structure for Tax Optimization

Different business structures have other tax implications. Whether you operate as a sole proprietorship, partnership, LLC, or corporation, you need to understand how your structure affects your tax responsibilities. If your business has grown or evolved over the past year, you should reevaluate your business structure.

Sole Proprietorship and Partnerships

If you operate as a sole proprietor or a partnership, your business income is taxed as personal income. This means you must pay taxes based on your personal tax bracket.

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs)

LLCs provide more flexibility. The profits and losses of an LLC can be passed through to the owners (members), who then report this information on their personal tax returns. Alternatively, LLCs can choose to be taxed as corporations.


Corporations are considered separate tax entities. They are subject to corporate tax rates, and their profits are taxed twice: once at the corporate level and again when dividends are distributed to shareholders.

Planning for Income and Expenses

Strategic planning of income and expenses can significantly impact your year-end tax liability. Here are a few strategies to consider:

Defer Income

Deferring income to the next year can be an effective strategy for reducing your current year’s tax liability. This strategy is especially beneficial if you expect to be in a lower tax bracket next year.

Accelerate Expenses

On the flip side, accelerating expenses can also lead to tax savings. By prepaying deductible business expenses, you can reduce your current year’s taxable income.

However, it’s crucial to consult with a tax professional when implementing these strategies, as they can have unintended consequences, especially if you’re subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT).

Retirement Plan Contributions

Contributing to retirement accounts can also reduce your taxable income. If you haven’t set up a retirement plan for your business, now might be a good time to do so. The contributions you make to these plans are often tax-deductible, providing an effective way to reduce your business’s tax liability.

As you consider contributions to retirement plans to lower your taxable income, it’s also the perfect moment to think about your business’s long-term future. GreenGrowth CPAs can guide you beyond just retirement plans to comprehensive succession planning. Our expertise ensures a seamless transition for your business when it’s time to step back. Secure your legacy now by checking out our Succession Planning Guide.

Leveraging Tax Deductions and Credits

Tax deductions and credits can significantly reduce your tax liability. It’s important to understand what deductions and credits are available to you and how to claim them.

Common Tax Deductions

  • Business Expenses: You can deduct ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in running your business. This includes rent, utilities, office supplies, advertising costs, and employee salaries. That said, if you are a cannabis business many of these business deductions are not allowed under 280e.  Read our guide on how to maximize cannabis deductions here. 
  • Depreciation: If you purchase property, equipment, or vehicles for your business, you can deduct the cost over time through depreciation.
  • Home Office: If you use part of your home exclusively for business, you may be able to deduct a portion of your home expenses. The IRS is particularly wary of taxpayers who claim home office deductions while also having a primary office location elsewhere. Ensure you understand the rules associated with home office deductions and maintain thorough records to support your claims.

Tax Credits

  • General Business Credit: This is a catch-all for several specific credits that businesses may be eligible for. It includes credits for investing in distressed areas, providing access to disabled individuals, and more.
  • Work Opportunity Credit: This credit is available to businesses that hire individuals from certain target groups, such as veterans or people receiving government assistance.
  • Business Energy Investment Tax Credit: The Business Energy Investment Tax Credit, often referred to as the ITC, is a government incentive designed to stimulate investment in renewable energy projects.  The amount of tax credit that qualifying entities can claim depends on the type of technology used in the project and the construction period. The tax credit can reduce up to 30% of the capital costs of the renewable energy projects.

Understanding New and Changing Tax Laws

Tax laws are constantly changing, and staying updated is crucial for effective tax planning. Here are some important changes and updates for the 2023 tax year.

Section 179

Section 179 allows businesses to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment purchased or financed during the tax year and the costs of energy efficiency upgrades. In 2023, the deduction limit is expected to decrease from 100% to 80%, and continue to decrease by 20% each year until 2027.

Qualified Business Income Deduction

Small businesses and self-employed individuals may be eligible for the Qualified Business Income (QBI) deduction. This allows eligible taxpayers to deduct up to 20% of their business income. In 2023, the QBI deduction limits are expected to increase to $182,100 for individuals and $364,200 for couples filing jointly.

Employee Retention Credit

The Employee Retention Credit (ERC) was a tax credit available to businesses that retained employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the ERC is set to expire at the end of 2022. If you were eligible for this credit in 2022, make sure to claim it.

Planning for Future Changes

While it’s important to stay updated on current tax laws, it’s equally important to plan for future changes. For example, the bonus depreciation deduction is expected to phase out by 2027, while the QBI deduction limits are set to increase each year until 2025. Keep an eye on these changes and adjust your tax strategy accordingly.


End-of-year tax planning is a crucial part of running a small business. By understanding your tax obligations, leveraging tax deductions and credits, and staying updated on changing tax laws, you can minimize your tax liability and maximize your savings. Remember, tax planning is not a one-time event but an ongoing process. Regularly review your tax strategy and make adjustments as needed.

This article is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional tax advice. Always consult with a tax professional to understand your specific tax situation.

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